There are five senses associated with the human body: sight, smell, touch, taste, and sound. While all of these sensations are important for child development, the perceptions of sound, sight, and touch are used most often in the classroom. It is these three senses, however, that often appear the most difficult to develop in kids with special needs. Here are ways that caregivers can help children identify and strengthen sensitivity to images, noise, and affection.
1. Environments filled with sensory for sight
Children with special needs must have their five senses intrigued throughout the day for effective development. Such is the reason why educators should design classrooms so that various colours and objects flow throughout the space. Placing art and lively images in plain sight of kids are the best ways to contribute to visual development. Teachers should consider putting an aquarium with colorful fish in the play area or bring in items from nature, such as pinecones, to combine smell with sight. A myriad of colouring books and vibrant construction paper should be placed throughout the classroom so as to encourage creativity and further drive home the point of utilising sight during daily activities.
2. Engaging with sound
The teacher's voice is probably the most important sound that a disabled child can identify. He will get to know her voice to the extent of understanding the various tones that she uses. The child will know when an instructor is frustrated and, hence, react to such sound by exhibiting good behaviour. He will also engage with positive tones when the teacher is happy by further contributing to such exuberance with good conduct.
Rendering song selections is a great way to use sound sensory in the classroom. Lesson retention is sometimes higher when children with special needs can connect life’s facts with favored tunes. It is also ideal to use natural occurrences when teaching children how to use the sensory of sound. Identifying the rain’s noise or the reverberation of thunder can lead into a good lesson on storms.
3. Encouraging with Touch
Playdough and clay are two of the best ways to get disabled children involved in the classroom experience. Kids can form their shapes all while learning the facts that the teacher provides. Clay is also an excellent way to develop special needs children’s sense of touch. Teachers can pose questions about how the substance feels in their hands and whether detecting clay is similar to other objects of which they have come into contact.
Finger painting is another way to encourage special needs children to develop their sense of touch. Not only do kids get the chance to flex their creative muscles, but they also have the opportunity to get a feel for paint. Soft pillows and rugs are great ways for children to come into contact with various types of material. Instructors can point out the stark differences between pillows designed for resting, and rugs, which are for treading upon, and teach kids about fabrics in general.
Special needs children who engage their senses typically learn best and gain better perspectives on life. Caregivers should strive to develop all five senses in children and pay particular attention to touch, sound, and sight when creating daily lesson plans.